Extended stellar systems in the solar neighborhood - the Hyades tidal tails and beyond

Author(s)
Stefan Meingast, Joao Alves, Verena F├╝rnkranz
Abstract

Already the first few years of the Gaia mission have brought a wealth of new insights into the velocity distribution of the stellar population in the solar neighborhood. While the complex ridge-like pattern in the large-scale velocity distribution seems to be caused by non-axisymmetric components of the Galaxy, we can find stellar clusters and groups imprinted as small-scale fluctuations on those larger ridges in velocity space. One prominent representative of these groups is the nearest open cluster to the Sun, the Hyades. In this contributed talk, I showed how Gaia enabled the remarkable confirmation of the long-predicted tidal tails of the Hyades open star cluster. In particular, I highlighted the striking similarity to the predicted shape of the tidal tails, as well as the expected velocity dispersion profile of the cluster. Looking beyond the Hyades, I highlighted the richness of the solar neighborhood in kinematically cold stellar associations and clusters. The structure and spatial arrangement of these groups outlines a highly dynamic evolution in the global gravitational potential of the Galaxy. Most notably, these results favour a picture where star clusters, that are bound in the Galactic disk, are, given time, transformed into thin, dynamically-cold streams of stars, their shapes reminiscent of tidally disrupted globular clusters.

Organisation(s)
Department of Astrophysics
Pages
37
DOI
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2865866
Publication date
04-2019
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
103004 Astrophysics, 103003 Astronomy
Keywords
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/extended-stellar-systems-in-the-solar-neighborhood--the-hyades-tidal-tails-and-beyond(d7d8587c-0b8b-40f4-a546-566f8c74b695).html